Lungs of the City ● Pécs, Hungary
University ● University of Pécs
Task ● Closing gaps, Pécs, Hungary
About the team
Team Lungs of the City is a diverse multidisciplinary team made up of the creative minds of students and lecturers from the University of Pécs. We have team members with different backgrounds from over ten countries and three continents. Each member of our team is dedicated to our main goal of restoring nature to its rightful place. By combining our individual talents and skills, we believe that it is possible, but only if we do it together!
‘Let’s give nature its home back!’
At the SDE 19, our project – The Hungarian Nest +, was designed to address a nationwide architectural issue of renewing 800,000 ‘Kadarcube’ houses that were outdated and physically amortized. Through the combination of low budget solutions, and hightech elements, we were able to come up with a new-energy project that was applicable to solving this issue.
As a result of this project’s success that was justified by the 2nd prize in Architecture, 3rd prize in Energy efficiency, ÉVOSZ special award, and the SDE community award, we set out to tackle another architectural issue, this time on an Urban Scale. With a focus on the strong effects of urbanization and within that, the problems of downtowns in Hungary, we aim to achieve the goal of creating environmentally positive architecture; + energy home / – emission
We are determined to be catalysts for change, and through our project, we will breathe life into our communities, and give nature its home back!
The competition project of the “Lungs of the City” team of University of Pécs, is the Re Greened Blocks Project – RGB. Our research draws attention to the increasingly strong effects of urbanization, and within that, to the problems of downtowns in Hungary. In the downtown area of Pécs, with strictly closed building constructions, the residential and service blocks built on the streets completely close off the area they border. Some of these blocks in downtown have existing green spaces but they are unused and blocked from the public.
Streets are often ‘living spaces’ bordered by lifeless walls and pavements without green vegetation or natural environment. At the same time, the energy-wasting and polluting operation of architecture, that makes up the spatial walls, further exacerbates the chances of a liveable city. The lack of public parks is also a common problem that prevents healthy urban living areas. With all these issues, it could be perceived as if we are separated away from our own lungs!
The RGB project entails a sample program, which aims to create a negative emission force-field in the heart of downtown Pécs. We can do this by rethinking urban transport, developing urban green spaces and walls, developing innovative architectural solutions in the sample project, minimizing technological emissions from structures made by natural raw materials, using natural – renewable energies and using passive energy spaces. The result of this project, hopefully being a consciously green-thinking society.
Many of the ground floors of the downtown building blocks are constantly being transformed into commercial, service and public functions. As such, we have the opportunity to open the formerly intimate and unused areas of the inner gardens and share these areas, to create healthy green community spaces (sports, playgrounds, parks, meeting points).
The goal of the RGB Project model house is to create a well optimized and at the same time personalized living space. Leaving behind unnecessary floor space and prioritizing community spaces.
The entire project is based on a raster grid in a modular system, in which the spaces can be rearranged and populated with a minimal investment. This gives a layout similar to the metabolic vision of long-term operation, with free rearrangement of functions, easy and quick replacement of worn-out components.
One of the RGB project’s key goals is to be able to demonstrate our targets for natural energy surplus and minimized emissions not only for the operation of the building but also for its entire life cycle. We aim to demonstrate the two principles of environmentally positive architecture in the pilot project: + green energy – emission x community interaction= RGB project ●
The texts were written by the teams themselves and will be updated during the competition.